The history of the use of medicinal herbs
With the appearance of writing data on the healing properties of plants began to write, which significantly expanded their application in practical purposes. Quite herbal treatment is widely used in India, Egypt, China, Greece. A lot of interesting herbal remedies mentioned in the writings of ancient thinkers and healers: Hippocrates, Pliny, Dioscorides, Galen, and others.
In the middle ages, the healing properties of medicinal herbs has become even more important. A talented scholar of Central Asia, Avicenna, in his brilliant book “Canon of medicine”, talks about the characteristics of more than nine hundred medicinal plants, among them many who came later from India and Asian countries, and until then were not used in ancient Mediterranean countries.
The medicinal plants were popular among ancestors of Slavs who lived on the territory of ancient Rus’, the inhabitants of Armenia and Georgia. With the advent of Christianity and the emergence of monasteries, the practice of treatment by using medicinal herbs has increased significantly.
Applying information, herbalists of Ancient Greece, monks used not only dried imported herbs and local vegetable raw materials. However, for many and many decades in Russia, many doctors continued to use in medical practice, as a rule, those plants about which information possessed by translating European travmirovaniem. Only in the XVI century. began to appear manuscripts by Russian herbalists, who relied on the existing characteristics of plants belonging to the domestic flora. First Russian Travnik was published in 1588
The issue in the mid-seventeenth century Apothecary order has led to a substantial extension of the use of medicinal herbs. Began thorough research and study not only of local origin herbs, but also grasses growing on mastered the new lands of Siberia. Began cultivation “pharmaceutical kitchen gardens”, where specially grown medicinal plants. Under Peter I in Russia, these gardens were established at military hospitals in almost all big cities. And in such as Astrakhan and Lubny, there were large plantations of medicinal herbs. At the same time trend is larger workpieces wild plants. The latter has allowed to abandon the expensive importation of herbs from other countries.
At the end of the eighteenth century the research of medicinal herbs of the local flora became engaged botanists and doctors. Proven and systematized their data from traditional medicine increased Arsenal of therapeutic drugs valuable plants, which, in the majority, have not lost their relevance today.