Pepper – a vegetable native to South America
The pepper belongs to the same nightshade family as the tomato . And he also came to us from South America. Already 6 thousand years ago it was cultivated by the Indians as a cultivated plant. And grow the peppers in their homeland in the form of a perennial shrub. The appearance of pepper in Europe associated with the name of Christopher Columbus, who met with this plant in Haiti. The first mention of it in Europe is dated 1493, which coincides with the return of the great Navigator from America to Spain. Assumed that brought them to the plant will replace a very expensive then black pepper. And although these hopes were dashed, green pepper called “Spanish”, too, suited the taste of the Europeans. In the mid-nineteenth century, the pepper came to us. First, we only used as a spice. And over time, especially in the southern regions, was first cultivated peppers as vegetables.
In taste pepper is conventionally divided into sweet and spicy .
Sweet pepper, or a vegetable (it is also called Bulgarian ), widely used in fresh, stewed, fried, stuffed, pickled and marinated.
To sweet peppers peppers also belong . dried fruit prepare vitamin powder — paprika . 100 g of this spice only ascorbic acid contains more than 1,000 mg% 100 g mass.
On soderjaniya C and provitamin A in sweet pepper takes the first place among vegetables. A lot of in it and vitamin P which increases the strength of blood vessels. If you consider that a daily dose of ascorbic acid for humans is 50-100 mg, and P-active substances 15-150 mg, enough to eat 20-50 g of pepper fruits to meet the daily requirement of the body these vitamins.
The fruits of hot pepper used as seasoning, fresh in soups, sauces, canned. It gives a special taste to meals, stimulates the appetite. Pepper is a strong antibacterial agent. The people working with ground pepper, never get sick with the flu and colds. In folk medicine, the fruits of hot pepper are used as a diaphoretic. From them prepare many medicines for the treatment of sciatica, neuralgia and joint diseases.